DNA evidence is not foolproof and mistakes can be made in laboratories or in court. There is no such argument to support DNA profiling of society at large.
I am still a member of the ACLU. The argument that once someone is convicted of a crime and incarcerated they no longer have privacy interests that will be protected could lead down a very dangerous path.
Law enforcement already has ample authority to collect a DNA sample from an arrested individual in those cases where a court-issued warrant supported by probable cause is first obtained. But is DNA profiling all that legally different from fingerprinting? One final thought--by the end of this decade nearly everyone's physician will have a digital record of his or her complete genome on file.
This may be necessary for example to check that a DNA profile from the crime scene is not that of the victim or of friends or relatives with a legitimate reason to be present.
The large-scale compilation of personal information by the government has a tendency to get out of control. However, this is now changing. Seringhaus is right when he notes that the DNA profiles can be used only for identification and does not reveal other genetic information provided that the DNA samples are destroyed once the profiles are digitally encoded.
Critics rely on the fact that the same blood samples that law enforcement officials will be using for identification purposes can also be used to ascertain a complete biological dissection of the person. This will save police resources, lead to longer sentences, and lessen the cost of trials because of the higher quality of the evidence.
Expert forensic witnesses must not be under pressure to misrepresent evidence in cases where the interpretation may be in doubt for example, when a mixed DNA profile is involved.
Despite these attacks on the reliability of DNA evidence it soon became clear that DNA evidence would generally be admitted in court. The four chemical letters of the genetic code spell out instructions to the cell about how to make the proteins that allow the human body to grow and function normally.
If someone becomes suspicious about them and collects their DNA, their identity could be revealed by matching this to a stored DNA profile on a database, if this is accessible and linked to their old identity. Although many states have statutes which penalize the misuse of DNA samples, there are no guarantees as to what information will or will not be able to be gained in the future from DNA samples that are currently in data banks.
The report also quotes anecdotal evidence from a retired senior police officer to the effect that the police now arrest people simply to get their DNA profile. Aram, a year-old trainee hairdresser from Keyworth in Nottinghamshire, was abducted, raped and strangled on 30 October — five years before the careless driver was born.DNA databasing in Scotland and England & Wales.
The NDNAD, implemented inis the biggest and most successful forensic DNA database in the world. A DNA database or DNA databank is a database of DNA profiles which can be used in the analysis of genetic diseases, genetic fingerprinting for criminology, or genetic genealogy.
DNA databases may be public or private, but the largest ones are national DNA databases. A DNA database or DNA databank is a database of DNA profiles which can be used in the analysis of genetic diseases, genetic fingerprinting for criminology, or genetic genealogy.
DNA databases may be public or private, but the largest ones are national DNA databases. Will a Larger DNA Database Help Protect the Innocent? He claims that DNA swabs are really minimal privacy intrusions and “a universal DNA database would greatly increase the number of convictions—vindicating the rights of rape victims and protecting others from serial rapists.” California Innocence Project | Cedar Street.
DNA Databases and Human Rights. Contents. DNA Databases and Human Rights. A DNA database is a computer database containing records of DNA profiles. Usually there are two different sources of these DNA profiles: crime scene DNA samples and contain their DNA.
One important safeguard is legislation that restricts the collection of DNA by. Some say a DNA database is critical to the protection of the general society. Others say that it is an invasion of privacy. With DNA being collected in a database, all samples can be registered and compared to previous samples that have been previously entered.
That’s why weighing the pros and cons of such a database is so important.Download